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  Lychees in syrup:

    

Lychee (Litchi chinensis Som.) belongs to the family Sapindaceae (soapberry) which also includes rambutan (the 'hairy" Nephelium lappaceum L.) and longan ( brown skin, Dimocarpus longan Lour). The crop originated from the southern provinces of China and thrives well under its subtropical climate. There is some evidence to suggest that wild lychees may have also originated in northern mountain regions of Vietnam.

Commercial planting and growing of lychees in China is primarily in the provinces of Guangdong, Gangxi, Hainan, Fujian, Yunnan, Taiwan and a small, special area of Sichuan/Szechuan with a unique micro-climate. Guangdong is called 'the Kingdom of Lychee' because the province has the highest and best lychee production in China and lychees are grown almost everywhere in the province. In Guangdong there is a grove that has a lychee production record of over 2000 years!

It is said the Imperial concubine Lady Yang Kuei Fei of the last emperor of the T'ang dynasty, Hsuan Tsung (A.D. 712-756) had a passion for fresh lychee fruit. To woo Lady Yang Kuei Fei, the emperor had them brought from Canton in Southern China to his northern palace, a distance of 600 miles. The emperor arranged for guards mounted on fast horses to convey the Lychees in a "Pony Express" so that Lady Yang Kuei Fei would get her Lychees while they were still fresh, as the fruit perishes quickly, in 3-5 days.

From its place of origin, the crop spread to Myanmar, Laos, Taiwan, India, Australia, South Africa, California, and Florida, USA where it is largely cultivated in subtropical climate.

The lychee is widely known as litchi and regionally as lichi, lichee, laichi, leechee or lychee. The fruit has an outer, thin-shelled skin (red changing to brown as the fruit ripens) which, when peeled away, reveals white, succulent flesh of a grape-like texture. A hard seed is at the core of the fruit. Like citrus fruits and black currants, lychees are high in vitamin "C" (at levels of 40�90 mg/100 g, five grape-sized fruit are enough for your daily needs) and also natural sugars.

Only a limited range of areas, where commercial cultivation is large enough to supply to canneries for world-wide exports: Northern Thailand, Northern Vietnam, and China:

In China, canned products are processed in Guangxi and Fujian, while fresh lychees are from the another 2 provinces Hainan and Guangdong for domestic markets (also some  export) at the beginning of the season each year, starting end of June and depands on the weather each year. The crop time in Fujian is usualy 7-10 days later than Guangxi's.        In Guangxi area the HeiYe is mostly used, in Fujian the WuYe. The flesh of this variety might turn a little pink after some time.

In Thailand lychee was initially cultivated in northern parts of Thailand particularly in the provinces of Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Phayao, and Nam that have subtropical climate. These places have an elevation of over 1,000 meters above sea level (MASL). Then cultivars were developed for tropical lowland of the southern parts of Thailand like Samot Sakhun and Chanthaburi whose climatic condition was similar to that of the Philippines.

The Thai crop is shorter and earlier: April for .. 3-4 weeks. The Thai variety is seen as the nicest tasting, only the variety Hong Huay ( or Tai Soi ) is used. Depending on the quantity of berries to get a drained weight of 225 g, the size is called Large (16-20 berries per can) , Medium ( 21-24) or Small (25-28). Also available as "broken"  

The can size 20oz (565 ml) is the normal specification in international markets. Except if an order is placed before the season, (nearly) no factory will produce 15oz (425 ml), 30oz (850 ml)  and A10 (2.9 L).

The product is under Brix : 14-17 % (Light Syrup), 17-20% (Heavy Syrup)

Ingredients:
Water, Lychees (49%), Sugar, Acidity Regulator: Citric Acid, Antioxidant: Ascorbic Acid.

NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION Per 100g Per serving
Energy 247kj/59kcal 259kj/62kcal
Protein 0.5g 0.5g
Carbohydrate 14.0g 14.7g
   Of which: Sugars 12.7g 13.3g
Fat 0.0g 0.0g
   Of which: Saturates 0.0g 0.0g
Fibre 0.0g 0.0g
Sodium Trace Trace
Salt Trace Trace

Food Value Per 100 g of Edible Portion* Fresh Dried
Calories 63-64 277
Moisture 81.9-84.83% 17.90-22.3%
Protein 0.68-1.0 g 2.90-3.8 g
Fat 0.3-0.58 g 0.20-1.2 g
Carbohydrates 13.31-16.4 g 70.7-77.5 g
Fiber 0.23-0.4 g 1.4 g
Ash 0.37-0.5 g 1.5-2.0 g
Calcium 8-10 mg 33 mg
Phosphorus 30-42 mg
Iron 0.4 mg 1.7 mg
Sodium 3 mg 3 mg
Potassium 170 mg 1,100 mg
Thiamine 28 mcg
Nicotinic Acid 0.4 mg
Riboflavin 0.05 mg 0.05 mg
Ascorbic Acid 24-60 mg 42 mg
*According to analyses made in China, India and the Philippines.

USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 14 (July 2001), NDB nr 09164
Nutrient Units Value per
100 grams of
edible portion
Sample
Count
Std.
Error
Proximates
Water
g
81.76
9
1.019
Energy
kcal
66
0
 
Energy
kj
276
0
 
Protein
g
0.83
7
0.046
Total lipid (fat)
g
0.44
7
0.133
Carbohydrate, by difference
g
16.53
0
 
Fiber, total dietary
g
1.3
0
 
Ash
g
0.44
6
0.057
Minerals
Calcium, Ca
mg
5
7
1.586
Iron, Fe
mg
0.31
5
0.061
Magnesium, Mg
mg
10
2
 
Phosphorus, P
mg
31
7
3.387
Potassium, K
mg
171
5
23.479
Sodium, Na
mg
1
3
0.151
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.07
1
 
Copper, Cu
mg
0.148
1
 
Manganese, Mn
mg
0.055
1
 
Selenium, Se
mcg
0.6
0
 
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
71.5
14
10.286
Thiamin
mg
0.011
2
 
Riboflavin
mg
0.065
3
0.009
Niacin
mg
0.603
3
0.147
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.100
0
 
Folate, total
mcg
14
0
 
Folic acid
mcg
0
0
 
Folate, food
mcg
14
0
 
Folate, DFE
mcg_DFE
14
0
 
Vitamin B-12
mcg
0.00
0
 
Vitamin A, IU
IU
0
1
 
Vitamin A, RE
mcg_RE
0
1
 
Vitamin E
mg_ATE
0.700
0
 
Lipids
Fatty acids, total saturated
g
0.099
0
 
4:0
g
0.000
0
 
6:0
g
0.000
0
 
8:0
g
0.000
0
 
10:0
g
0.000
0
 
12:0
g
0.000
0
 
14:0
g
0.002
0
 
16:0
g
0.070
0
 
18:0
g
0.024
0
 
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
0.120
0
 
16:1 undifferentiated
g
0.001
0
 
18:1 undifferentiated
g
0.119
0
 
20:1
g
0.000
0
 
22:1 undifferentiated
g
0.000
0
 
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
0.132
0
 
18:2 undifferentiated
g
0.067
0
 
18:3 undifferentiated
g
0.065
0
 
18:4
g
0.000
0
 
20:4 undifferentiated
g
0.000
0
 
20:5 n-3
g
0.000
0
 
22:5 n-3
g
0.000
0
 
22:6 n-3
g
0.000
0
 
Cholesterol
mg
0
0
 
Amino acids
Tryptophan
g
0.007
1
 
Lysine
g
0.041
1
 
Methionine
g
0.009
1
 

     

     

 

 

 


 

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